Basic concepts in music For Relaxing

The lad is the most important aesthetic category of music; a system of high-altitude communications united by a central sound  (consonance). Incarnated in a scale (sound system).

Rhythm :

1. The alternation of any elements (sound, speech, etc.) that occurs with a certain sequence, frequency; speed of course, accomplishment of something.

2. in music – the temporary organization of musical sounds and their combinations.


Meter – the order of alternating strong and weak beats, the rhythm organization system . Meters can be simple (2- or 3-partite), complex, consisting of several groups of simple (4-, 6-, 9-, 12-partite), mixed (eg 5-partial) and variables. Each group of lobes starting with strong (in simple meters) or strongest (in other meters) forms a measure.

A metronome is a device that measures short periods of time (those same meters) with uniform strokes. It is mainly used by musicians like NaijaVibe  as an exact reference point for tempo when performing a musical work at a rehearsal, and also helps to develop a sense of rhythm and dynamics of performance.

Various degrees of sound

Dynamics – varying degrees of sound power, volume, and a change in this power in relation to the overall sound. A timbre is a coloring of sound that allows you to distinguish sounds of the same pitch performed on different instruments or in different voices. The timbre depends on which overtones accompany the fundamental tone, what is the intensity of each of them and in what areas of sound frequencies their clusters (formants) are formed. Voices and instruments have a timbre, for example, a guitar is selected according to a pleasant timbre.

Melody (from the Greek. Melodia – singing, tune, song) – unanimously expressed musical thought, the main element of music. A melody is a series of sounds organized by the mode-intonation, rhythmically and forming a certain structure.

Harmony is the expressive means of music, based on the combination of tones in harmony and on the connection of harmonies in their consistent movement. The main type of harmony is a chord. Harmony is built according to certain laws of the fret in the polyphonic music of any warehouse – homophony, polyphony. Elements of harmony – cadence and modulation – are the most important factors of musical form. The doctrine of harmony is one of the main sections of the theory of music.


Polyphony (from poly … and Greek. Phone – sound, voice) – a kind of polyphony, based on the simultaneous combination of 2 or more independent melodies (as opposed to homophony). Types of polyphony are imitation (see Imitation), contrasting (counter-punctuation of different melodies) and sub-vocal (a combination of a melody and its variants of sub-voices, characteristic of some genres of Russian folk songs).

Instrumentation – the presentation of music in the form of a score for a chamber ensemble (duet, trio, quartet, quintet, etc.) or an orchestra (symphonic, wind, folk instruments, etc.).

In a historical context, the development of music is inseparable from the active development of a person’s sensual abilities – the course of a person’s auditory development of musical material in changing cultural conditions is the most fundamental level in the history of music. Already within the framework of primitive syncretic art, which also contained the beginnings of dance and poetry, music was deprived of many qualities that became dominant later.


In the early non-stadial folklore of various peoples, musical sound is unstable in height, inseparable from speech articulation. The melody is often a combination of gliding ups and downs (ecmelica), combining contrasting altitude zones in a rhythmic order, depending on the rhythm of the verbal text and dance. However, this primary sonic contrast is already endowed with emotional expressiveness due to the initial connection of musical intonation with the psychophysiological states of people, with the word, plastic movement; due to the inclusion of playing music in everyday life, in labor processes, in rituals (folk music).

Mature musical cultures

The constancy of these connections, which forms the primary musical genres, leads to stabilization of heights (and, as a result, to their consolidation in a certain system). Thus, in the public musical consciousness, the pitch is separated from the timbre of the voice and speech articulation; the fret category appears. Sound scales and melodies based on them arise. Sound altitude recorded in the musical system, involves the development of auditory skills (musical hearing), a special musical memory that holds the position of the sound in the altitude range, relative to other sounds. Having gained exact height, intonation becomes able to embody a wider and differentiated figurative meaning. On the one hand, it appears as a trace of their past meaning, associated with the context of playing music, with the primary genre, preserved in intonational formulas;

In the professional creativity of mature musical cultures, the impact on the intonation of the dance movement, ritual situations, and the specific actions of other types of art is preserved. At the same time, music in a number of genre directions is gradually being freed from direct dependence on the word, everyday or ritual context. The into national elements and laws of their organization (harmony, musical form) acquire logical independence and their own historical life, although nevertheless they retain a multi-valued connection with the word and social context in a symbolically associative form. An autonomous musical language appears, capable of expressing both the concreteness of experience and the generalization of thought. Go through and get some hot at

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